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Secrets of Closing the Sale

Page history last edited by Julianne 4 years, 8 months ago



Secrets of Closing the Sale by Zig Ziglar


Part 1: The Psychology of Closing



  1. The "Household Executive" Saleslady
    1. Salespeople have to move right past objections without flinching
    2. “The affordable close” – Be an optimist about your prospect's ability to pay for the item you are selling.
    3. Break payments into small bite size chunks they can stomach.
    4. You have to close the gap in the prospect's mind between the cost of your product and perceived value.
  2. Making "King" Customer the Winner
    1. You can gain mental assent from a prospect that your product is good, will save them money, they need it, they would like to have it and can afford it, and still have a customer that still refuses to buy. This means that you have convinced them of its merit but not persuaded them to buy.
    2. If you believe the sales process is something you do “to” people, then, you are a manipulator.
    3. You have to believe that the sales process is something that you do for people.
    4. “Alternative of Choice” close, self explanatory
    5. “Now or never” close – The fear of loss is greater than the desire for gain.
    6. Five reasons people will not buy from you.

                                         i.    They feel they do not need what you are selling.

                                        ii.    They do not have any money.

                                       iii.    They are in no rush to buy.

                                       iv.    They do not want what you are selling.

                                        v.    They do not trust you.

  1. Credibility: The Key to a Sales Career
    1. The Law of Averages – This a myth that states; if you see enough people you will make sales because there is an automatic minimum sales percentage for every person.
    2. If your character is defective it is: game over.
    3. Close only counts with horseshoes and hand grenades.
    4. There is no such thing as a good salesman who is a poor closer; if you cannot close you cannot sell. If you fall short in any part of the sales process including the close, you cannot sell. Period.
    5. Do not try to close before you have established in the prospect's mind significant value for what you are selling.
  2. Commonsense Selling
    1. Try for the close as soon as you have established value or aroused desire for ownership, even if your are not finished with your presentation.
    2. Many times prospects who initially say no are really saying, “Tell me more”
    3. After a prospect has said no, it is your job to alter the value of your product in their mind.
    4. Each close you use should be an educational process by which you are able to raise the value of the product or service in the prospect’s mind.
    5. Do not lie by omission.
    6. Train yourself to view not asking for the sale as an unconcerned, selfish action, because you are effectively preventing the prospect from having an item that they need and will greatly benefit them.
    7. Concentrate on making the immediate sale, but concentrate on making it in such a way that you’ll be in position to make the next one. That’s career-building selling.
    8. Attitude is everything

                                         i.    If you do not have the ability to transfer your feelings or belief, and, conviction to the prospect, you are not going to close on those close ones.

                                        ii.    The prospect is persuaded more by the depth of your conviction than he is by the height of your logic.

    1. The prospect does not buy cold hard facts; they buy warm people benefits.
  1. Voice Training to Close Sales
    1. Learn to use a voice recorder to hear your own voice and critique your own sales presentation. This is very critical.
    2. When you talk and listen to the sound of your own voice; the primary source of sound is coming through vibrations of the bone. When you make a recording and listen to it, the sound comes into your eardrums through the air.
    3. When someone tells you that your price is ridiculous, you repeat what they said as a question. This forces them to defend their statement as opposed to forcing you to justify the price.
    4. Verify that price is the real objection. Ask: "If I could show you that the price is more than fair and the product is worth every dime we’re asking, would you go ahead and take advantage of this offer today?”
    5. Response to an objection on price: “Mr. Prospect, you're going to be concerned about price one time. That’s the day you buy. You're going to be concerned with the quality for the life of the product itself. With this in mind, let me urge you to think along these lines; Wouldn’t you agree that it’s better to pay a little more than expected, than a little less than you should? (Wait for an answer). If you pay more than expected, we are talking about pennies. If you pay less than you should and the product won’t do the job which you expected it to do, then you will lose everything.
    6. “Cost” Close – Explain to them that price you pay once, but, cost is the maintenance fee for the life of the product. Cheap products have a higher cost because they break and require maintenance.
    7. Many people are trained to say the price is too high automatically.
    8. Use the price objection as a selling point be using it as a segue to discuss the benefits which more than justify the price, or explain why the product is vastly superior to its competitors.
    9. “We decided it would be easier to explain price one time than it would be to apologize for quality forever. Aren’t you?”
    10. If you are told that you just have the answer to everything and every objection, relay that this is not the case, which is why you are so excited that in their specific situation you do have the answer.
  2. The Professional Sells and Delivers
    1. “Reverse” close – When given resistance to the point of finality, say “Well, I really appreciate your time. I only wish I could offer you the product today. Perhaps it will be available in the future.”
    2. Project reality onto people; “I bet you are the kind of person who would like to buy my product/service.”
    3. Always up-sell and cross-sell



Part 2: The Heart of Your Sales Career



  1. The Critical Step in Selling
    1. Selling is essentially a transference of feeling.
  1. The Big "E" in Selling
    1. Sympathy means you feel like another person feels. Empathy means you understand how the other person feels, though you do not feel the same way.
    2. “Get them smiling” close – If you can warm them up, your odds of making the sale go up big time.
    3. A sell is made on every presentation. The prospect either sells you the "can’t", or "won’t" buy, or, you sell him that he "can" and "should" buy.
    4. “Can’t Afford it” close – Do the math and explain why they cannot afford not to buy your product.
  1. The Right Mental Attitude – Makes all the difference in the world, must actively be brought into submission, and leveraged to give you the advantage.
  1. Your Attitude Toward You
    1. 63% of all sales interviews wind down and drift into oblivion without a direct effort to close the sale.
    2. No one can make you feel inferior without your permission.
  1. Your Attitude Toward Others
    1. Normally, a company’s or salesperson’s annual customer turnover should not exceed 18%.
    2. Since sales people generally have no subordinates, they get their work done through people over whom they have little or no direct control. To make this work they build strong relationships with those people.
    3. Always be willing to describe product drawbacks.
  1. Your Attitude Toward the Sales Profession
    1. General Douglas MacArthur defined security as the ability to produce.
    2. Only sell products that you believe in 100%.
  1. Building "Reserves" in Selling
    1. You need to be just as enthusiastic with the last prospect you to talk to every day as you are with the first one.
    2. Have a “booster” week one to 4 times a year. This is a week where you are totally dedicated to maxing out your sales in a bone crunching manner. You have to prep for it by clearing other tasks and lining up tons of sales calls that week. It is hugely motivating.
  1. Building a Mental Reserve in Selling
    1. The first person you meet or deal with every day will have more emotional impact on your attitude that day than the next five people you encounter.
    2. Enthusiasm will always give you the leg up over your competition.
    3. Create a customer testimonial database and keep them with you. More on this in the book.
  1. Ya Gotta Have Love



Part 3: The Sales Professional



  1. Learning and Using Professional Techniques
  2. Characteristics of the Professional Salesperson
    1. He knows that when he uses emotion and logic in the presentation, chances are excellent he will end up with a sale today and a happy customer for the future.
    2. The ideal sales man is an extrovert who develops some of the introvert's characteristics.
    3. He always follows up with the sale to make sure things have gone smoothly.
    4. Marks of high performers
      1. They involve others by soliciting opinions, sharing information, and establishing trust relationships inside the organizations.
      2. They are willing and able to help with related products and services and simplify the decision making process for the customer by their willingness to identify other sources of help if the needs of the client extend beyond their expertise and the capability of their own company.
      3. They are focused on building internal relationships.
    5. He has thick skin.
    6. His ultimate selling conviction is that “he needs to find out what the prospect wants and then help him get it.”
    7. He is a perpetual student. He studies his prospects, studies his company literature, studies his industry, and studies the art of persuasion.
    8. When talking to a prospect he does not mention irrelevant or depressing subject matter; he creates an atmosphere of excitement and optimism.
    9. He understands it is better to emulate genius than create mediocrity.
    10. He uses and studies the effectiveness of his techniques, keeping those that work and dumping those that don’t.
    11. He knows he needs to get his prospect involved in the sales process on as many levels as possible. He wants them to touch, smell, feel, see, and hear the product in action.
    12. He possesses conviction, concern, confidence and courage.
    13. He is constantly looking to grow, never content to consider his present ability his plateau, he is always searching for ways to improve his game.
    14. He is an excellent time manager and he combines this with setting high goals.
    15. Spectacular achievement is always preceded by unspectacular preparation.
    16. He is constantly hunting for clients, looking to create conversions in the more obvious as well as the most unlikely of places.
    17. He advocates the “Recency, frequency, potency, recommendation” formula
  3. Here is a Professional (This is an excellent story)
    1. Make certain your observations / compliments are accurate and sincere.
    2. Most people are willing to give you information if you will just ask for it.
    3. The best way to get a prospect to make a favorable new decision is to make him happy with an old decision.
    4. Always make the prospect feel King(?).
    5. Verify they are willing to pay.
    6. At the key decision juncture, trust in the sales person is a make or break factor.
    7. Once you have compromised on price, if the prospect is still hesitant, withdraw that offer and go back to the original larger figure. This will get them wanting the lower price, if they express interest in the lower figure tie them down to make a commitment then and there.
  4. Everybody is a Salesperson and Everything is Selling
    1. If anyone makes a “significant” purchase from you, you should put him on your “super customer” list and court him as long as he is still a prospect.



Part 4: Imagination and Word Pictures



  1. Imagination in Selling
    1. The “1902” close – This is where you break down the purchase into price per day over the life of the product. This enables the customer to minimize the cost in their mind.
    2. Get people out of a corner. If they have said they will “never” do something, turn breaking their vow into a positive.
    3. You make the sale when the prospect understands that it will cost them more to do nothing about the problem, than to do something about it.
  2. Imagination Sells and Closes
    1. “Marriage” Close – Sell the customer on the fact that you will offer comprehensive service for the length of time that they own/are using the product service.
    2. People do not buy for logical reasons. They buy for emotional reasons.
    3. Sometimes suggesting the absurd, or, demonstrating the logical conclusion of the choice they are making is necessary.
    4. When selling to professionals, demonstrate an insane work ethic to curry favor.
  3. Using Word Pictures to Sell
    1. Words that sell.
      1. Their name
      2. Understand
      3. Proven
      4. Health
      5. Easy
      6. Guarantee
      7. Money
      8. Safety
      9. Save
      10. New
      11. Love
      12. Discovery
      13. Right
      14. Results
      15. Truth
      16. Comfort
      17. Proud
      18. Profit
      19. Deserve
      20. Happy
      21. Trust
      22. Value
      23. Fun
      24. Vital
      25. You
      26. Security
      27. Advantage
      28. Positive
      29. Benefits
    2. Words that Unsell
      1. Deal
      2. Cost
      3. Pay
      4. Contract
      5. Sign
      6. Try
      7. Worry
      8. Loss
      9. Lose
      10. Hurt
      11. Buy
      12. Death
      13. Bad
      14. Sell
      15. Sold
      16. Price
      17. Decision
      18. Hard
      19. Difficult
      20. Obligation
      21. Liable
      22. Fail
      23. Liability
      24. Failure
    3. Do not say “you know” or “do you understand what I mean”
    4. Paint word pictures that allow your prospects to visualize the benefits of using the products
    5. “Fear” Close – Once fear is established, you present your product/service as a solution to their problem.
    6. You don’t sell what it is – you sell what it does.
  1. Picture Selling for Bigger, Permanent Sales -If your presentation or demonstration is fifteen minutes or longer you need to build in repetitive benefit phrases, which suggest that those who buy from you enjoy certain benefits, which those who don’t buy from you can never enjoy.





Part 5: The Nuts and Bolts of Selling



  1. Objections - The Key to Closing the Sale
    1. Always make sure that you are talking to the decision maker of the family.
    2. Too Much Money
      1. Add benefits of quality
      2. Subtract disappointments of cheapness
      3. Multiply pleasure of having something good
      4. Divide cost over a period of time
  2. Objections are Consistent - Objectors Aren't
    1. All prospects want to be right and to be understood, they are naturally concerned about making a big mistake before making a large purchase.
    2. You goal is not to be right, but to persuade the prospect to buy.
    3. Objections thrive on opposition but die with agreement.
    4. You should not put yourself in a lecturer position, you must get the prospect involved.
    5. How to deal with different types of prospects
      1. Gullible – Tell lots of human interest stories and go slow not applying pressure.
      2. Skeptical – Ask them to repeat the question and thank them for asking.
      3. Hostile – Say, I know how you feel. Others have felt this way in the past. They found when they had all the facts they were persuaded.
      4. Indecisive – Move to his side of the table and demonstrate empathy. Inner pressure is the key factor.
      5. Bargain Hunter – They want assurance they are getting a deal. Tell them the beautiful thing about your company is you treat everyone the same and no one will get a better deal than her. Tell them you will give them a special intangible you normally do not offer like personally taking the order and shipping it.
      6. Obnoxious – Give them lots of attention and challenge them. Tell them what they are buying compliments their greatness.
      7. Big shot – Let him know you are a high caliber sales person worth of working with them.
  3. The Salesman's Friend
    1. Always deal with objections by asking questions.
    2. Always act grateful to be able to hear the objections.
    3. When interrupted by someone who just wants to know the price, that them for asking and tell them that you are getting to that in just one moment. There are a number of ways to dodge the question. If they insist tell them.
    4. Many people who say they will think it over, actually do not intend on doing so. A no today is better than a no tomorrow.
    5. “4 questions” close – Tell the prospect that there are only four questions that they need to ask them self. 
      1. Do you like it.
      2. Do you want it.
      3. Can you afford it.
      4. When do you want to start enjoying the benefits
  4. Using Objections to Close the Sale
    1. Always draw out all of the objections as early as possible. Then force them to commit to buying if all of the objections are dealt with to their satisfaction.
    2. If the customer is already dealing with a trusted supplier, show your commitment to trying harder to provide even better service. Ask for only part of the business in order for a chance to win their trust.
  5. Reasons and Excuses for Buying
    1. Sell on the tangible, close on the intangible.
    2. The prospect
      1. Needs to be reassured that this is the right step to take.
      1. Fears paying an inflated price for inferior value.
      1. Is concerned about fairness.
      2. Is buying not only for himself, but with others in mind.  He cares about what others will think.
    1. Always look to give the customer an excuse to buy.
    2. The prospect buys future enjoyment.
  1. Using Questions to Close the Sale
    1. You persuade people by asking questions which lead the prospect to a conclusion which demands that he take action because it becomes an idea which he originated.
    2. If you make a statement to which your prospect will readily agree (cannot refute), then ask a series of questions based on that agreement, and ask a concluding question based on those agreements… you will force the desired response.
    3. Respond to objections by asking if they will buy if their objection is dealt with.
  2. For Direct Sales People
    1. It is better to use one technique well than several poorly.
    2. “Minor Decision” Close – Get your prospect to make a minor decision related to the purchase and use that as a spring board for a larger one.
    3. Always assume the sale.



Part 6: The Keys in Closing



  1. Four Ideas and a Key to Sales Success
    1. Remember, when a person brings up a logical objection you answer it emotionally, and when someone brings up a emotional objection you answer it logically.
    2. Remember that the prospect always wins when a sale is made.
  2. Selling and Courting Run Parallel Paths
    1. Always get your prospect to sit down when considering making a large purchase.
    2. Visualize the positive response of your prospect.
    3. When you deal with two or more prospects in an office or at a restaurant, be careful not to sit in-between them.
    4. Always try to move the prospect to the kitchen table when in the home.
  3. The "Look and Listen" Close
    1. If a customer goes back for multiple looks at the product it is a good sign.
    2. When the prospect says not “but”, you know you have a prospect.
    3. For every sale you miss because you are too enthusiastic, you will miss ten for not being enthusiastic enough.
    4. “3 questions close”
      1. Can you see where this would save you money.
      2. Are you interested in saving money
      3. If you were ever going to start saving money, when do you think would be the best time to start.
  4. Listen--Really Listen
    1. CHEF Method for reading body language
      1. Cheeks/Chin – When they touch them it is a good sign.
      2. Hands – If they massaging palm against palm, or palm against the back of the other hand it means they have assumed ownership and are ready to buy.
      3. Eyes – The wider the eyes the better.
      4. Friendly – Always a good sign.
    2. People listen more intently to things said in a low voice.
    3. Always deal with objections asap.
  5. The Keys in Closing – Conclusion
    1. The true professional wants the prospect to own the product so badly he strives for the yes decision again and again.
    2. Persistence is the key difference between moderate and great salespeople.
    3. The will which weakens first, strengthens the other.
  6. The "Narrative" Close – Deliver a story that the prospect can relate to and compels to them to buy.

Comments (3)

Justin Gomez said

at 2:51 pm on Mar 2, 2011

I love this website!

Justin Gomez said

at 5:03 pm on Mar 2, 2011

Kudos to whomever summarized this book!

Pham Dai Duong said

at 7:40 pm on Sep 18, 2017


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